The Minister of Health of the USSR, director of the All-Union Research Institute of Clinical and Experimental Surgery gives interviews in his office, holds a weekly conference of doctors, performs heart operations. A. M. Abugov, Candidate of Medical Sciences, conducts sounding and contrast examination of the heart. Coronary artery bypass surgery is performed by M.D. Knyazev. MI Perelman operates on a patient with a tumor of the trachea. Postoperative patients in the intensive care unit of the institute. Heart surgery with the introduction of an atomic pacemaker, conducted by Professor N. N. Malinovsky. Professor V. S. Krylov for an operating microscope conducts a microsurgical operation. Inventor M.I.Lokshin demonstrates an artificial heart, testing an artificial heart at the stand. The heart operation is performed by V.I.Shumakov. Academician B.V. Petrovsky and professor V.I.Shumakov with former patients who underwent surgery for donor kidney transplantation. Professor Mebel at the University clinic is performing an operation to transplant a donor kidney delivered to the GDR from the Soviet Union. Interview with Professor Mebel. Professor V. A. Konstantinov and assistants V. A. Prilatov and G. I. Lyskin perform heart surgery in a pressure chamber with compressed air.