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Heroes and Traitors

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Abstract
The third film in the trilogy about the greatest biologist of the twentieth century Nikolai Vladimirovich Timofeev-Resovsky. Part 1 Family photographs of the scientist geneticist N.V. Timofeev-Resovsky. G. Obninsk. Fall. A flock of birds (view from the passage between the houses), passers-by. The house where N.V. Timofeev-Resovsky lived, the interiors of the apartment. Women walk through the park, snow-covered trees, benches, hospital building. Houses under construction in a new microdistrict. GDR. Illumination, children ride sparkling merry-go-rounds, music plays. Brass band musicians play on stage in the park. Light in the windows of the building, a train is going by. Former underground member, member of the Central Committee of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany, who consulted the writer D. Granin while working on the novel "Bison", Academician Robert Rampe tells biographies of the great people of his time. Moscow. Hardware in the film studio. Taken from a monitor screen: American physicist Professor Victor Frederic Weisskopfor talks about working with N.V. Timofeev-Resovsky, with N. Bohr. A group of physicists is standing in a clearing, talking. B / W newsreels: Germany, 1900s. A coachman drives horses harnessed to a carriage on the street of a German town. Trams pass over the bridge, passers-by are walking. Germany, 1930s A market on the embankment, fishmongers are standing, women with baskets are choosing goods. The fishmonger puts small fish in a plate. Cr. square - a basket of eels. A group of young people floats on a raft along the river. Moscow, 1970s .: N.V. Timofeev-Resovsky talks about the work of biophysicists. Part 2 Germany. An old mansion, bare trees, cars are passing along the road. Houses in a German village. Andrei Timofeev approaches the entrance to the house of the former secretary of Timofeev-Resovsky Frau Hildegard Palm. Frau Palm opens the door, hugs Andrei. Former employee of Timofeev-Resovsky Natalya Krom gets out of the taxi, she is met by Andrey Timofeev. H. Palm, N. Krom, A. Timofeev are sitting at the table in Frau Palm's house, looking at photographs, remembering the childhood of Timofeev-Resovsky's sons. Frau Palm talks about the arrest of the scientist's son Thomas (Dmitry Timofeev). N. Kron tells about the refusal of the head of the Main Directorate of the Imperial Security of the SS E. Kaltenbrunner to release the scientist's son from the concentration camp. Travel along the street of evening Munich. Professor Nicolaues Riehl at his home (in the suburbs of Munich) talks about the German biophysical society, about the situation of N.V. Timofeev-Resovsky in Nazi Germany, about his independence. Moscow. The control room in the film studio is screens. The building of the biophysical laboratory in the Berlin suburb of Buche on one of the screens. A girl in the pavilion of the film studio exhibits a large photograph of N.V. Timofeev-Resovsky, his son Dmitry, wife Elena Alexandrovna. The youngest son of the Timofeevs - the Resovskys, Andrey Timofeev, is sitting at a table in the pavilion, turning over the pages of his father's case. N. Ril's face on the screen in the film studio (the scientist answers the correspondent's questions). N. Ril tells how during the years of fascism he hid Jews and Russians in his Germany. B / W newsreels. [Germany]. 1930s A group of young people floating on the river rapids, on the sluice? waving their hands. Night torchlight procession of the Nazis along the street. An enthusiastic crowd with a fascist greeting runs down the street. People in the square throw up their hands in a fascist greeting, Adolf Hitler goes out onto the balcony, raises his hand. [September 1, 1939] A. Hitler speaks in the Reichstag. German soldiers on the street listening to the speech of A. Hitler from the speaker. A festively decorated street in Berlin, the crowd throws up their hands in greeting, on the pillars of the swastika. A. Hitler welcomes the cheering crowd. Part 3 Video filming. N. Ril tells how he saved people from the Gestapo, how he fought for Dmitry (Foma) Timofeev. Photo of Dmitry (Foma) Timofeev (a member of the anti-fascist underground). Journalist Konstantin Petrovich Bogachev enters the pavilion of the film studio, answers the editor's questions, talks about his article about the liaison of the Berlin underground committee Foma Timofeev, about the connection of Foma Timofeev with Musa Jalil. Former prisoner of war Nikolai Numerov tells the writer D. Granin about how Vlasov came to the camp of Soviet prisoners of war, how the underground workers put on the uniform of the enemy, went to the ROA to fight the enemy from the inside. Photo of the underground major Nikolai Stepanovich Bushmanov. A photograph showing members of the Berlin Underground Committee, among them - Foma Timofeev, N. Bushmanov. N. Numerov talks about how Bushmanov was captured, was the leader of the underground, how, after being released from a concentration camp, they spent time in Soviet camps. Photos of former prisoners of Sachsenhausen. Photo of Mikhail Petrovich Devyatayev, a former prisoner of Sachsenhausen, a fighter pilot who escaped from a concentration camp, served in Soviet camps, and later received the Gold Star of the Hero of the Soviet Union. Andrei Timofeev sits in an office with former underground workers and remembers his brother. B / W newsreels. Germany 1943-45 General A.A. Vlasov, raising his hand in greeting. Soldiers of the Vlasov army (Russian Liberation Army) with rifles in the ranks. General Vlasov, accompanied by officers, is walking along the parade ground. Congress of the ROA in the hall, a banner “BOTH STALIN'S TYRANY! YES FREE PEOPLES OF RUSSIA HAPPY! ". General A.A. Vlasov speaks, two officers stand behind him. [1943] Prisoners of the Red Army are walking along the road, carrying wounded comrades in their arms. Beginning 1943 Camp for Soviet prisoners of war. Part 4 Photos by NS Bushmanova, D.N. (Thomas) Timofeev, scientists - biologists, among them the German scientist Academician Robert Rompe. Andrei Timofeev reads fragments of letters from Thomas to his parents from the Gestapo. Academician R. Rompe talks about his stay in the Gestapo. Fragment of the memorial complex in the Mauthausen concentration camp. French physicist Charles Peru enters his office, sits down at the table (filmed from the monitor screen) Ch. Peru talks on the phone with his wife, demonstrates to the members of the film crew his brainchild - a bubble chamber, exhibited as a museum exhibit in the courtyard of the Institute for Nuclear Research in Geneva, rides driving a car, the face of N.V. Timofeev-Resovsky on the monitors. The Il-86 aircraft is standing on the airfield, passengers are getting out, among them I.B. Panshin. I.B. Panshin is sitting at a table in the pavilion of the film studio, talking about his letters to N.V. Timofeev-Resovsky. B / W newsreels. 1941 The plate "Vyazma". The Germans are escorting Soviet prisoners of war. A village house with a destroyed roof. 1941 [Poland, Lodz]. Soviet people climb into the back of a truck to be sent to Germany. Registration of the arrived "Ostarbeiters". Part 5 Photos by I.B. Panshin in his younger years. I.B. Panshin talks about himself, about how during the war years he was ranked among the traitors, how he worked at the institute under N.V. Timofeev-Resovsky. Sh. Peru (filmed from the monitor screen) talks about the NKVD troops, about how the NKVD officers found documents in the Gestapo about the arrest of all laboratory employees, about Panshin. I.B. Panshin talks about how Soviet units entered Berlin, how he and N.V. Timofeev-Resovsky turned to the Soviet military leadership with a request to give a telephone message to I.V. Stalin that they kept the Institute of Genetics and Physics for work in the USSR, and that they were interrogated in SMERSH. 1945-50s Barbed wire on the bank of the canal. Sh. Peru on the monitor says how Panshin was waiting for the Soviet troops in Berlin, about how he was waiting for the arrival of the Red Army NV Timofeev - View of the night highway in Germany. Cars go through the tunnel. German and Soviet physicist Nikolaus Riehl talks about the creation of the atomic bomb in the USSR, about the contribution of Russian scientists taken out in 1945. from Germany, in its creation - filmed from the monitor screen. N. Ril talks about the arrest of Timofeev, about the fact that he was blind from malnutrition. Fall. Berries on bare tree branches, river. One-story country house, the light is on in the window. A. Timofeev and members of the film crew are sitting at the table. B / W newsreels. [1945] Soviet attack aircraft in the sky, dropping bombs. [1944-45] Explosions on the ground. Shooting Soviet artillery installations. Explosions. Soldiers are running to attack. Beginning 1960s Ilmensky reserve. N.V. Timofeev-Resovsky is sitting at the table with his friends, everyone is laughing. NV Timofeev-Resovsky in the courtyard of the house conducts a lesson with students. 6 part Russia. Night. Light in the window of a country wooden house. The edge of the forest. Soviet biophysicist Simon Elievich Shnol sits with his comrades on the street by the fire, talks about the leadership qualities of N.V. Timofeev - Resovsky. A. Timofeev with his father's graduate student Lydia Kuznetsova sit on the porch of a country house, remember the Timofeev-Resovskikhs. Winter, a woman walks down the street of the village. Security guard Vsevolod Antonovich Kryuk, who accompanied N.V. Timofeev-Resovsky to Moscow, talks about the scientist. The face of Tomsk University professor Bodo Germanovich Iogansen, who exposed the "traitor to the Motherland" N.V. Timofeev Resovsky. Moscow. Facade of the building of the KGB of the USSR on Lubyanka, light in the windows. The building of the Chief Military Prosecutor's Office of the USSR. The official leader of Soviet genetics, Academician Nikolai Petrovich Dubinin (consistently exposed Timofeev during his lifetime and after his death) gives an interview to the film's director Elena Sakanyan. The writer Vladimir Bondarenko (who denounced N.V. Timofeev-Resovsky) gives an interview. Elena Sakanyan is on the phone. Moscow region, Pushkino. Temple of the Presentation of the Lord, Fr. Alexander Men stands at the entrance, talks about the importance of the figure of N.V. Timofeev-Resovsky, about him as a bright Christian. Kaluga region, Obninsk. The snow-covered grave of N.V. Timofeev-Resovsky, a monument at the grave. Germany. The President of the Academy of Agricultural Sciences of the GDR Academician Hans Stubbe says that the Nazis offered N.V. Timofeev-Resovsky to work on a program for sterilizing the Slavic population, his refusal to work played a role in the fact that the son of Thomas was sent to a concentration camp. Photos by N.V. Timofeev-Resovsky of different ages. Fragments of Thomas' last letter to his mother from prison. Form of the document of the Chief Military Prosecutor's Office of the USSR dated October 27, 1989. case No. 3-39076-45 (refusal to cancel the sentence to NV Timofeev-Resovsky). 7th part of Germany. Railway station (view from a passing carriage). View of the streets of one of the German cities. Chairman of the Commission for Consideration of the Scientist's Activities N.V. Timofeev-Resovsky during the Second World War, Professor Helmut Boene in his office says that when the process of rehabilitation of N.V. Timofeev-Resovsky, they turned to him for a description of the scientist's activities during his stay in Germany, the commission worked on this issue for a year. G. Boene claims that the work of N.V. Timofeeva-Ressovsky was not associated with the improvement of the military power of Nazi Germany. Elena Sakanyan listens to G. Boene. Professor Trenotsky, a member of the commission, a specialist in the history of Kaiser Wilhelm, answers E. Sakanyan's questions. G. Berlin. Tram rails on paving stones, graffiti on the Berlin wall. Section of the Berlin Wall. The men split the wall with hammers and chisels. The man looks through the hole in the wall. View from the hole to West Berlin. Multi-storey building (Academy of Sciences of the GDR). Moscow. Winter, the building of the USSR Chief Military Prosecutor's Office. Moscow. Professor Sergei Petrovich Kapitsa speaks about the fascist anti-scientific basis of the article in "Our Contemporary" (accusations of complicity with fascism NV Timofeev-Resovsky). Academician R. Rompe (filmed from the monitor) talks about the activities of N. Bohr and Heisenberg in the USA and Germany. N. Ril lights a cigar, talks about the work on the creation of an atomic bomb in the USSR (filmed from the monitor screen). B / W newsreels. Early 1950s L.P. Beria votes at a polling station. The explosion of the atomic bomb. 8 part of East Berlin. Anti-fascist rally outside the Reichstag building. Germany. R. Rompe talks about N.V. Timofeev-Resovsky. C. Peru drives a car through the streets of one of the German cities, reads his letter "Certificate of Honor". Moscow. People with burning candles in their hands stand at the building of the KGB of the USSR on Lubyanka. A lot of people are moving, men are carrying signs "Berlag", "Karllag", Berlag N "2-135". A man is carrying a large photograph of NV Timofeev-Resovsky. Women are carrying red carnations. The building of the All-Union Scientific Research Institute for Nature Conservation and Reserve cases (VNIIpriroda) in the park. Paintings on the ceiling and walls of the building in which the institute is located, a grand piano in the hall, scaffolding near the wall. , Kulagin talks about the Timofeev-Resovsky case, about the request of a group of scientists, talks about his conclusion - Timofeev-Resovsky did not commit any crime, about the great personality of the scientist.Teryukanov and Kulagin pour vodka to commemorate N.V. Timofeev-Resovsky on the eve of his 90 anniversary.Moscow region., Pushkino.Church of the Presentation of the Lord, in which Father Alexander Men served, parishioners say goodbye to the murdered priest.Workers of the cemetery bury the coffin in the cemetery. b G. Moscow. Lubyanskaya Square, the consecration of a memorial stone (in honor of all those innocently killed during the years of Stalinist repressions). People are standing with lighted candles in memory of the victims of the communist terror. Sign "VAVILOV NIKOLAY IVANOVICH 1944". The building of the KGB, on the square there are people with candles and portraits of relatives tortured in dungeons. The poster "WE DO NOT BELIEVE THE CROCODILE TEARS OF GB - HISTORIANS", "THE KGB DOES NOT REMOVE THE BLOOD". The priest makes a speech at the stone. The man swears, scolds the participants in the memorial service. Photo by N.V. Timofeev-Resovsky, there are candles nearby. Germany. Berlin. 1990 Fireworks in the square, flags. Solemn demonstration at the Brandenburg Gate in honor of the unification of Germany. Among those present are Helmut Kohl (Federal Chancellor of Germany) and Richard von Weizsäcker (Federal President of Germany). A lot of people in the square, firecrackers, flags (video filming). Russia. 1980 N.V. Timofeev-Ressovsky is drinking tea at the table, talking about religion, about the meaning of life. Women are cleaning the floor in the temple. (Amateur shooting). Kaluga region, Obninsk. Winter, snow-covered bushes, the building of the Institute of Medical Radiology. The bison stands among the birches in the winter forest. Passage through the passage of the Institute of Medical Radiology. Director Elena Sakanyan speaks on the phone with Andrey Timofeev.
Director
E. Sakanyan
Color
Color
Film ID
33901
Keywords
the great patriotic war
, science
, repression
, foreign countries (germany)
, cities
Meterage
2457
Number of Parts
9
Operators
M. Aleksanyan, R. Voronov, I. Uralskaya
Other Creators
I. Podeshchikova, N. Roginskaya, T. Ermachenkova, S. Vasilenko, I. Keze, G. Novikov, V. Furnichev, N. Lilova, L. Rodovskaya, S. Belokrinitskaya, S. Moskalev, L. Vyazhlinskaya, S. Zakharov, V. Chumakov, A. Levichev
Release Date
1991
Sound
Has Sound

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