The history of creation and the first experience of using the domestic blood substitute "perftoran" based on perfluorocarbon compounds, as well as the tragic fate of its author, professor FF Beloyartsev. Rector of the Dnepropetrovsk Medical Institute L.V. Novitskaya-Usienko talks about the use of "perftoran" in surgery. 1 hour Vice-President of the USSR Academy of Sciences, Academician Yu.A. Ovchinnikov, President of the USSR Academy of Sciences A.P. Alexandrov at a meeting of the Presidium of the Academy of Sciences.