The film is dedicated to the creation of collective farms, collective farms and artels in the USSR. The film uses documents and materials from the Central State Archive of Film and Photo Documents of the USSR, Gosfilmofond of the USSR. Part I. Personnel from the chronicle: life and everyday life of peasants in pre-revolutionary Russia: Nicholas II with his retinue, the movement of the cavalry; 1920s, sowing, plowing, harvesting in individual and cooperative farms; the agitator speaks to the peasants; peasants receive land plots, peasants enroll in cooperatives. Frames of feature films dedicated to the 1917 revolution and the collectivization of agriculture. Part II. Personnel from the chronicle: the building of consumer cooperatives, peasants receive agricultural machinery, implements, grain; peasants buy manufactured goods in consumer cooperative shops; MI Kalinin speaks to the peasants; the elimination of illiteracy in the countryside; V. I. Lenin speaks at the unveiling of monuments to K. Marx and F. Engels on November 4, 1918; rural landscape, peasants sitting at a table by a kerosene lamp; construction of a power plant, start-up of a power plant; peasants at home with electric light; construction of Dneproges; production of agricultural machinery at one of the factories; release of the first tractor at the Stalingrad Tractor Plant. Part III. Chronicle footage: the agitator speaks to the peasants; peasants sign up for a collective farm, vote at a general meeting; peasants in one of the villages meet workers of 25,000; meeting in one of the machine and tractor stations of the MTS; harvesting grain in the Kuban. Shots of a feature film dedicated to the collectivization of agriculture: the resistance of the kulaks to the collective farm system. Shots of the feature film "The Great Citizen", "Virgin Soil Upturned". Part IV. Chronicle footage: the tractor brigade of P. Angelina is working; P. Angelina bathes the child, works at a writing table on a book, speaks at the Second All-Union Congress of Collective Farmers-Shock Workers in 1935; at the congress of collective farmers-shock workers: I. V. Stalin, M. I. Kalinin, M. Nakhangova, present: A. I. Mikoyan, N. S. Khrushchev, G. K. Ordzhonikidze, K. E. Voroshilov, A. A. Andreev; collective farmers at work in plant growing, animal husbandry, in personal plots, at home; receive money and natural products for workdays; meeting of the board of the collective farm named after Lenin. Images from the film "Member of the Government". Part V. Chronicle footage: rural sports holiday; classes in the circles of the rural house of culture; youth evening; a performance by the symphony orchestra of the Trans-Baikal village of Urulga; Academician T. D. Lysenko on the collective farm field; T. Maltsev in the hut-laboratory; a meeting of collective farmers dedicated to the presentation of a state act for the perpetual and free use of land; construction of the Fergana Canal in Uzbekistan, opening of the canal; harvesting cotton in the Fergana Valley. Chronicle footage of the Second World War. Part VI. Chronicle footage, the period of the Second World War: a meeting of soldiers from the front. Chronicle footage dedicated to the restoration of the destroyed economy. Belarus, the collective farm "Rassvet", the chairman of the collective farm KP Orlovsky in the fields, the opening of a ten-year school, a harvest festival; Uzbekistan, the collective farm "Mesna Tarakha", a school, a nursery, a hut laboratory, collecting silkworms, harvesting fruits and cotton. Part VII. Harvest Festival in Uzbekistan. Girls and boys are dancing. Artel "Red October". The chairman of the artel P. A. Prozorov. Artel rest house. Mechanized current. Mechanical workshop. Sawmill. Electric milking of cows on the farm. Collective farm boiler room. Comfortable apartments. Life of collective farmers. Dining room. The collective farmers are having lunch. Studio. A boy and a man are trying on suits. Rural shop. Buyers examine goods, try on clothes. Moscow. Kremlin. Nikita Khrushchev speaks at a meeting. 1954 year. Kazakhstan. Plowing virgin lands; harvesting wheat. Shepherds graze sheep in mountain pastures. Kostroma artel "12 October". Calving cows. The chairman of the artel P. Malinin at work. Calf care. Pig A. Moskova at work. Part VIII. Ukraine. Artel "Red Partisan". Innovative collective farmer Mark Ozerny at a box with corn seedlings. Maize harvesting. Nikita Khrushchev talks to collective farmers in the field. MTS. Wheat harvesting. Current. The grain cleaning machine is working. Planting potatoes. The cultivator is working. A potato harvester and a cabbage harvester are in operation. Land reclamation. Rice fields. Sowing and harvesting rice. Agricultural Academy students in the classroom. All-Union Agricultural Exhibition (VSHV) in Moscow.