The presenter of the film interviews a woman about the upcoming 1989 All-Union Population Census, comments on the questions of the census. Turkmenistan. Construction of residential buildings in Ashgabat. Ward for newborns in the maternity hospital in Ashgabat. Fruit trade in the Ashgabat market. Estonia. Tallinn city. Buyers in the trading floor of the Kayakas supermarket; the movement of buses, trolleybuses on the streets. Armenia. Residential quarter "Kond" in Yerevan. Registration of marriage of newlyweds in the registry office. Young family with a baby carriage. Children play in the courtyard of the kindergarten. Buyers buy books in Armenian at a bookstore in Yerevan. Schoolchildren at the lesson of their native (national) language. Newsreel of the 1939 census; the questions are answered by M. Vodopyanov, M. Mazay, D. Oistrakh. The building of the Main Computing Center of the USSR State Committee on Statistics. Hall of the Computing Center with electronic computers. The computer issues processed census forms.