The film is dedicated to the theme of the struggle to improve the culture of agriculture. Polesie. Autumn landscape. Collective farm "New Shlyakh". Streets of the village. Meeting in the club dedicated to the prospects for the development of the economy. Club hall. Presidium. The agronomist Pritykovsky is speaking (synchronously), scientists who are helping the collective farm in the correct use of land. Study of the collective farm soil by soil scientists. Analysis of soil samples taken from soil sections. Determination of the amount of humus and mineral compounds of phosphorus and potassium in the soil. Laboratory studies of the mechanical composition of the soil - the amount of silt, dust and sand. Department of cartography. Compilation of soil maps and cartograms: rational use of lands, liming of soils for certain crops and types of meadow vegetation. Collective farmers at the map. Fertilizing the fields. Planting pine trees to anchor the soil. Collective farmers prepare peat composts. Lupine, flax, corn field. Deepening of the arable layer. Cleaning of flax, potatoes, corn, hay. Agricultural Exhibition. The stand of the collective farm "New Shlyakh".