The scheme of the rocket and the model of the spaceship of K.E. Tsiolkovsky. Newsreel. KE Tsiolkovsky in his study, in the garden of his house in Kaluga. Obninsk nuclear power plant; control panel, reactor of the station. Pilots V. Chkalov, A. Belyakov, G. Baidukov, M. Gromov, who made non-stop flights from Moscow to America. Jet passenger aircraft TU-104, created by a team of aircraft designers under the leadership of A. N. Tupolev. Exterior of the aircraft, cockpit, passenger compartment. Preparation, launches of the first rocket, the first and second artificial earth satellites. Radio amateurs, scientists of the Soviet Union and foreign countries receive the call signs of artificial earth satellites. The President of the USSR Academy of Sciences A. N. Nesmeyanov, writer M. A. Sholokhov, N. S. Khrushchev, foreign scientists B. Harke (GDR), J. Groshkovsky (Poland), professor of Columbia University Hasialis talk about the importance of launching artificial earth satellites.