Spain. G. Madrid. Bridge over the Erbo river. Pedestrians, refugees at the crossroads. Republican banner attached to the balcony. Soldiers of the people's militia, standing near the building. An old woman sits on the sidewalk and eats beans. city of Valencia. View of the city. A street photographer takes pictures of a group of militia fighters. Deserted street. Horse carts standing in the street. Buildings damaged by the bombing of the fascist aircraft. Ruins of buildings, piles of rubble. city of Cartakheta. A group of people standing at the entrance to the cave. Men using ropes to lift baskets and bags of earth to the roof of a building. Men fill sacks and baskets with earth and place them on the roof of an old building. Men are building defensive fortifications.